Social phobia is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, such as parties and other social events.
Social phobias are characterized by fear and avoidance of situations in which a person may be subject to the scrutiny of others. It may begin in adolescence and may be associated with overprotective parents or limited social opportunity. Males and females are affected equally with this disorder.
People with social phobia are at high risk for alcohol or other drug dependence, because they may come to rely on drink or drugs to relax in social situations.
Social phobia is different from shyness. Shy people are able to participate in social functions, but people with social phobia are constrained by their condition to the point that it affects their ability to function in work and relationships.
Some of the most common fears of people with social phobia include:
- Speaking in public
- Meeting new people
- Eating, drinking, and writing in public
- Using public restrooms
- Attending parties and other social occasions
- Rapid heart rate
- Elevated blood pressure
- History of phobia
- Description of behavior from family, friends, and affected person
The goal of treatment is to help the person function effectively. The success of the treatment usually depends on the severity of the phobia.
Systematic desensitization is a technique used to treat phobias. The person is asked to relax, then imagine the components of the phobia, working from the least fearful to the most fearful. Graded real-life exposure has also been used with success to help people overcome their fears.
Social skills training may involve social contact in a group therapy situation to practice social skills. Role playing and modeling are techniques used to help the person gain comfort in relating to others in a social situation.
Anti-anxiety and anti-depressive medications are sometimes used to help relieve the symptoms associated with phobias.
The outcome is generally good with treatment, and antidepressant medications have been shown to be very effective.
Call your health care provider or mental health professional if fear is affecting your work and relationships with others.
Taking measures to improve your self esteem can be helpful. Social skills training may be helpful.
Reviewed By: Paul Ballas, D.O., Department of Psychiatry, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.